Georges Lemaître – latest news, breaking stories and comment – The Independent

In 1933 at the California Institute of Technology, some of the greatest scientists of the time from around the world gathered to hear a series of lectures.

After Lemaître delivered his lecture and theory, Albert Einstein stood up and said: “This is the most beautiful and satisfactory explanation of creation to which I ever listened.”

https://www.independent.co.uk/topic/georges-lema-tre

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Generation X, not millennials, is changing the nature of work – CNBC

While Gen X may be equally capable at digital tasks as millennials, they also show a mastery of conventional leadership skills more on par with leaders of the baby boomer generation. That includes identifying and developing new talent at their organizations and driving the execution of business strategies to bring new ideas to reality.

Sixty-seven percent of Gen X leaders are also effective in “hyper-collaboration,” and are working relentlessly to break down organizational silos. Gen X leaders’ strength for working with and through others is enabling them to shape the future of work and generate faster innovation by getting people working together to solve customers’ and their organization’s issues.

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/04/11/generation-x–not-millennials–is-changing-the-nature-of-work.html

How to Disagree with Someone More Powerful than You – hbr.org


It’s a natural human reaction to shy away from disagreeing with a superior. “Our bodies specialize in survival, so we have a natural bias to avoid situations that might harm us,” says Joseph Grenny, the coauthor of Crucial Conversations and the cofounder of VitalSmarts, a corporate training company. “The heart of the anxiety is that there will be negative implications,” adds Holly Weeks, the author of Failure to Communicate. We immediately think, “He’s not going to like me,” “She’s going to think I’m a pain,” or maybe even “I’ll get fired.” Although “it’s just plain easier to agree,” Weeks says that’s not always the right thing to do. Here’s how to disagree with someone more powerful than you.

https://hbr.org/2016/03/how-to-disagree-with-someone-more-powerful-than-you?utm_medium=social&utm_source=circ_newbusiness&utm_campaign=subscribetohbr_keywee_sub&hideIntromercial=true&kwp_0=861849&kwp_4=2948620&kwp_1=1245181

California slashes emissions, hits major greenhouse gas goal years early – sfchronicle

Data released Wednesday by the California Air Resources Board show that the state’s greenhouse gas emissions dropped 2.7 percent in 2016 — the latest year available — to 429.4 million metric tons.

That’s slightly below the 431 million metric tons the state produced in 1990. And California law requires that the state’s emissions, which peaked in 2004, return to 1990 levels by 2020.

Since the peak, emissions have dropped 13 percent. The 2008 financial crisis helped, cutting the number of miles Californians drove and the amount of freight moving through the state’s ports, railways and roads. But emissions have continued falling in recent years even as the state’s economy has expanded.

https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/California-hits-2020-greenhouse-gas-reduction-13066821.php

A better measure of research from the global south – Nature

projects would score poorly if judged using only conventional approaches to evaluating research quality that prioritize the opinion of peers, the volume of papers published, and citations. That’s a problem because it is endorsement from other scientists, not stakeholders, that drives career advancement for researchers in Egypt, Sri Lanka and India, as everywhere else.

Is the weakness in the science or in the way it is measured? Too often it is the latter, in our view. Dominant techniques of research evaluation take a narrow view of what constitutes quality, thus undervaluing unique solutions to unique problems.

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05581-4

The rise of ‘pseudo-AI’: how tech firms quietly use humans to do bots’ work | Technology | The Guardian

The third parties highlighted in the WSJ article are far from the first ones to do it. In 2008, Spinvox, a company that converted voicemails into text messages, was accused of using humans in overseas call centres rather than machines to do its work.

In 2016, Bloomberg highlighted the plight of the humans spending 12 hours a day pretending to be chatbots for calendar scheduling services such as X.ai and Clara. The job was so mind-numbing that human employees said they were looking forward to being replaced by bots.

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/jul/06/artificial-intelligence-ai-humans-bots-tech-companies

A Princeton sociologist spent 8 years asking rural Americans why they’re so pissed off – Vox

Robert Wuthnow, a sociologist at Princeton University, spent eight years interviewing Americans in small towns across the country. He had one goal: to understand why rural America is so angry with Washington.

Wuthnow’s work resulted in a new book, The Left Behind: Decline and Rage in Rural America. He argues that rural Americans are less concerned about economic issues and more concerned about Washington threatening the social fabric of small towns and causing a “moral decline” in the country as a whole. The problem, though, is that it’s never quite clear what that means or how Washington is responsible for it.

So I decided to speak with Wuthnow about what he learned and whether fearsabout America’s “moral decline” are really just a cover for much deeper fears about race and demographic changes.

https://www.vox.com/2018/3/13/17053886/trump-rural-america-populism-racial-resentment

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