Archive by Author | plerudulier

Night shift: the dangers of working around the clock – Financial Time

… working through the night is a fundamental challenge to the human body. It unsettles our finely tuned biology, forcing us to be active when powerful impulses are telling us to lie down and dream. A growing body of research links a lack of sleep to increased morbidity — an average of less than six hours sleep per night in the long term puts you at a 13 per cent higher mortality risk than someone getting seven to nine hours, according to the research organisation Rand Europe.

FT.com®

https://www.ft.com/content/f99b316c-5e16-11e8-ad91-e01af256df68

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Ignore the hype over big tech. Its products are mostly useless | John Harris | Opinion | The Guardian

… À regular ritual of hype and hysteria is now built into the news cycle. Every now and again, at some huge auditorium, a senior staff member at one of the big firms based in northern California – ordinarily a man – will take the stage dressed in box-fresh casualwear, and inform the gathered multitudes of some hitherto unimagined leap forward, supposedly destined to transform millions of lives. (There will be whoops and gasps in response, and a splurge of media coverage – before, in the wider world, a palpable feeling of anticlimax sets in.)

It happened again a fortnight ago, when the Google chief executive, Sundar Pichai, addressed his company’s annual developers’ conference. Among his other tasks, he was there to rhapsodise about developments in artificial intelligence, and the ever-evolving application known as Google Assistant (created, he said, to “help you get things done”), and a new innovation called Duplex. “It turns out that a big part of getting things done is making a phone call,” he said.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/21/big-tech-products-silicon-valley

The AI Doctor Will See You Now – WSJ

Kimberly Bari had her first seizure in 2010 at age 26 and since then has had hundreds. Some rendered her unconscious, others left her confused and terrified. By 2016, her surgery- and drug-resistant condition led her to try something fewer than 2,000 people in the world have attempted: implanting a computer into her brain.

The NeuroPace Responsive Neurostimulation System “literally provides peace of mind I never imagined could exist,” she said. And, according to its makers, it would be impossible without a type of artificial intelligence known as machine learning.

Machine-learning algorithms accomplish tasks by training on a set of data, rather than being programmed by humans. NeuroPace Inc.’s engineers pattern-match patients’ neural activity to a database of two million recordings from the brains of other patients. Armed with the knowledge of what worked before, the system instructs the implant to stimulate users’ brains to interrupt a seizure at its onset.

https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-ai-doctor-will-see-you-now-1526817600

Over 2,000 Years of Economic History in One Chart – Visualcapitalist

For thousands of years, economic progress was largely linear and linked to population growth. Without machines or technological innovations, one person could only produce so much with their time and resources.

More recently, innovations in technology and energy allowed the “hockey stick” effect to come into play.

It happened in Western Europe and North America first, and now it’s happening in other parts of the world. As this technological playing field evens, economies like China and India – traditionally some of the largest economies throughout history – are now making their big comeback.

http://www.visualcapitalist.com/2000-years-economic-history-one-chart/

Want the Best Results From AI? Ask a Human – MIT Sloan Management Review

Companies of all kinds are adopting artificial intelligence (AI) and machine-learning systems at an accelerated pace. International Data Corp. (IDC) projects that shipments of AI software will grow by 50% per year and will reach $57.6 billion in 2021 — up from $12 billion in 2017 and just $8 billion in 2016. AI is being applied to a range of tasks, including rating mortgage applications, spotting signs of trouble on power lines, and helping drivers navigate using location data from smartphones.

But companies are learning the hard way that developing and deploying AI and machine-learning systems is not like implementing a standard software program. What makes these programs so powerful — their ability to “learn” on their own — also makes them unpredictable and imminently capable of errors that can harm the business.

https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/want-the-best-results-from-ai-ask-a-human/

More patients are taking home recordings of their doctor visits. But who else could listen? | PBS NewsHour

Doctors across the U.S. have begun doing what once seemed unthinkable in a litigious health care environment: recording their medical conversations with patients and encouraging them to review the audio at home.

The rationale for the practice is as simple as the smartphone technology that enables it: having a recording improves patients’ understanding and recall of their doctor visits and helps them adhere to treatment regimens.

Now the increasing power of artificial intelligence is promising to bring this technical capability to a new level — potentially offering big rewards, and risks, for patients and caregivers.

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/more-patients-are-taking-home-recordings-of-their-doctor-visits-but-who-else-could-listen

The Vehicle of the Future Has Two Wheels, Handlebars, and Is a Bike | WIRED

Modern tech has transformed the humble two-­wheeler, making the bike-share model possible: You check out a bike from a docking station, use it for an hour or so, then return to any other docking station. The concept was tried back in the ’60s but failed miserably because no one could track where the bikes went.

Today, that’s been solved with smartphone-ized tech: GPS, Bluetooth, RFID, and mobile-payment systems. And bike sharing has unlocked a ton of American interest in navigating cities on a bike: Usage has grown from 320,000 rides in 2010 to 28 million in 2016. In China, where gridlock in cities like Beijing is infamous, the trend has grown even faster.

https://www.wired.com/story/vehicle-future-bike/

demontvalon1 le blog

Blog de Dominique de Montvalon, journaliste-éditorialiste politique

Invention - Europe

Le portail des inventeurs, des inventions et des innovations en Europe, propose des services gratuits pour aider les inventeurs à développer leurs inventions sur le Web. Ce site communautaire pour les inventeurs existe depuis avril 2001. Invention - Europe est le N°1 des sites francophones, sur le thème de l'invention. Fondé par Peter TEMEY, il est géré par l'association "Club Invention - Europe". Le site Invention - Europe est indépendant et refuse toute publicité payante.

BINAKUKO

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NicoChagny.net

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Télégraphe 78

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Paul's Project Server and Project Online Blog

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Steve Goodyear

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